Liberty university cjus 601 quiz 1


Liberty University CJUS 601 Quiz 1

·         Question 1

1.5 out of 1.5 points

When we want to understand the direct relationship between two or more things, we are using which type of research?

·         Question 2

1.5 out of 1.5 points

When we prematurely jump to conclusions, we are using ______.

·         Question 3

1.5 out of 1.5 points

Analysis of data collected by someone other than the researcher is known as ______.

·         Question 4

1.5 out of 1.5 points

When we conclude what we have observed or what we know to be true for some cases is true for all cases, we have committed this error in reasoning.

·         Question 5

1.5 out of 1.5 points

A social scientist who conducts research on youth violence after first volunteering in an organization dealing with at-risk youth may be said to have ______ motivations.

·         Question 6

1.5 out of 1.5 points

When we want to understand the direct relationship between two or more things, we are using which type of research?

·         Question 7

1.5 out of 1.5 points

Research in which social events of only one time period in the past are studied is known as ______.

·         Question 8

1.5 out of 1.5 points

Research with a focus on women’s lives that often includes an orientation to personal experience, subjective orientations, the researcher’s standpoint, and emotions is ______.

·         Question 9

1.5 out of 1.5 points

Participant observation, intensive interviewing, and focus groups that are designed to capture social life as participants experience it are ______.

·         Question 10

1.5 out of 1.5 points

The belief that there is an empirical reality but that our understanding of it is limited by its complexity and by the biases and other limitations of researchers is known as ______.

·         Question 11

1.5 out of 1.5 points

The everyday error that involves the reluctance to change ideas even in light of new information is called ______.

·         Question 12

1.5 out of 1.5 points

Researchers with a belief that an objective reality exists apart from the perceptions of those who observe it, are conducting research with this philosophy.

·         Question 13

1.5 out of 1.5 points

Surveys and experiments that record variation in social life in terms of categories that vary in amount are likely to employ which research method?

·         Question 14

1.5 out of 1.5 points

If a social service agency seeks better assessment of youth violence so they can identify needs and allocate responsibility among agencies that can meet those needs, we would say that they have ______ motivations to do research.

·         Question 15

Needs Grading

Explain the differences between descriptive, exploratory, explanatory, and evaluation research. Provide an example of each.

Descriptive research occurs when phenomena are defined and described.  It is the primary focus of many studies involving youth crime and violence.  An example resides in studies regarding the specific question of how many people are victims of youth violence or how many youth are offenders.  Descriptive research is not concerned in explaining some phenomenon.  However, it is interested in describing frequency or qualities.

Exploratory research occurs when social phenomena are investigated without a priori expectations to develop explanations of them.  The gold standard is to answer the question what is going on while investigating social phenomena without expectations.  It uses methods that capture large amounts of unstructured information.  An example resided in the study that captured data on the emergence of youth gangs in the 1980s.  There was no data to support research.  Therefore, an early goal was to determine what it was like to be a gang member.

Explanatory research occurs when efforts or taken to identify causes and/or effects of social phenomena.  An example is when researchers adopt explanation as a principal goal.  During studies, researchers use explanatory research to answer questions regarding why people become offenders and if the unemployment rate influences the frequency of youth crime. 

Evaluation research occurs when information is gathered about social programs or interventions.  Although it is a type of explanatory research, it differs because it considers the implementation and outcomes of social policies and programs.  For example, the increase of youth violence in the 1980s used evaluation research to assess the impact of many new government programs. 

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